What is a chalazion?

A chalazion is a blocked eyelid oil gland, called the meibomian gland, that can become enlarged, red and painful. It can occur spontaneously but can be more prevalent in patients with blepharitis or rosacea. The eyelid has hundred’s of oil glands, and sometimes there is a disruption of their normal pathway, resulting in a blocked gland that is red, and swollen.

What is the treatment of a chalazion?

It is typically treated by warm compresses a few times a day and time and usually resolves on its own in a few weeks. Occasionally, secondary cellulitis or infection can result in requiring antibiotics. If chalazia do not resolve or continue to worsen or cause pain, the chalazion can be removed in a 15-minute office procedure called an incision and drainage. A chalazion can recur, though rare. 

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